Building a Typical Galilean Home
The typical Galilean house was built of basalt (dark volcanic rock) with the stones carefully squared or “dressed” by a stonemason (sometimes translated as “carpenter”).A wooden scaffold is used in the building process. Smaller stones wedged between the larger ones provided stability and strength.
The courtyard in the foreground is located between the various rooms of the complex. It was paved with basalt stones as well.Sometimes, the exterior of the house was covered with mud plaster. The door frame of the house was made of stone ashlars (shaped stones) and was covered by a wooden door.
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