The water flowing out of this cave, the source of the spring of Gihon, is the reason Jerusalem was built on the ridge above.The spring provides more than 34,250 cubic feet of water per day. The water runs from the cave a short distance (about 33 feet) to a water chamber.

Above the water chamber, a shaft was dug 37 feet up to a tunnel. The tunnel continues another 65 feet to a vaulted entrance just inside the city walls. People in the city would enter the upper tunnel and walk to the top of the shaft. From here they could lower their containers to the water chamber below.

The chamber could not handle the volume of water from the spring, so most of it drained into the Kidron Valley, where it was channeled along the base of the ridge for irrigation and other purposes.

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Upcoming Tours

We would love to walk with you in the Holy Land. Here are upcoming opportunities:

Nov 01 — Nov 15, 2020
Walking with the Patriarchs
Led by George DeJong
Spring 2021
Israel in Depth
Led by George DeJong
Summer 2021
Ancient Paths to Modern Leadership
Led by George DeJong
Sep 18 — Oct 02, 2021
Israel & Turkey in Depth
Led by George DeJong
Fall 2021
Through the Roof
Led by George DeJong