There are many compelling similarities between the expressions of God’s presence on Mount Sinai and his presence among the disciples during Pentecost.

– On Mount Sinai, God’s presence was accompanied by fire, smoke, and the sound of thunder (Ex. 19:16-19). God’s presence during Pentecost was accompanied by the sound of wind, tongues of fire, and the gift of different languages (Acts 2:1-3).
– When God gave the Torah to Moses on Mount Sinai, the people were worshiping the golden calf. About 3,000 people died as punishment for their sins. When Jesus’ Spirit was given during Pentecost, the people repented, and about 3,000 people believed and found spiritual life.
– God’s presence was symbolized by a cloud and fire, which led the Israelites out of Egypt. Later, God moved his presence into the temple (2 Chron. 5:7-8, 13-14). During Pentecost, God’s presence moved from the temple into a “new temple,” the followers of Jesus (Rom. 8:9).
– Finally, The Torah provided God’s teachings for the Old Testament community of people. At Pentecost, the Holy Spirit became the Teacher of believers (John 14:26).


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