Means “council.” Jewish supreme court; highest religious council, composed of 70 members and the high priest. The number 70 traditionally was based on Moses’ appointment of 70 elders (Num. 11:16) to administer Israel’s affairs. Used by the Romans to administer daily affairs. Predominantly Sadducee’s, the religious faction most threatened by Jesus’ ministry, who plotted against, interrogated, and released him to the Romans.


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