In the creation myths, Atum is the primal creator. He created himself (or arose out of nothing) and created the first gods, Shu and Tefnut, from his spittle. The Memphite creation myth puts him as the first creation of Ptah, who simply said his name and he came into being.
Atum was revered not only as the father of the gods but also as the father of the pharaohs. The title “Son of Atum” was included in the many titles of the king, even after the pharaohs styled themselves “Sons of Ra.”
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